Pig farming is highly lucrative and time consuming. To become a successful pig farmer, one must take the following very important from the onset. They might seem petty but talking from experience, these can decide whether you will be successful or a failure before you put a dime on the ground.
Location of the Farm
The location of your farm is very important to your success as a pig farmer. Wherever you intend to site your farm, be sure it is not too far from the source of feed. In the Greater Accra Region, we have two breweries. One in Accra and the other at Achimota. Most pig farmers obtain their malt from these breweries.
So it is advisable to site your farm in and around Nsawam, Suhum, Amasaman, Dodowa, Bawjuwase, Kasoa, Senya Brekum, Akosti, Postin, kpong, Pampram, Ningo. Siting your farm too far from the major source of feed means you will spend more on transportation thereby reducing your profit marging in the long term. Akuse and Akosombo is also a good location because of the high volume of rice bran in the area
Your farm should also be at the outskirt of town. You don’t want your neighbours complaining about the stench from your farm. My advice, if you have cash, buy one acre or two to start with. At least your neighbours would be far from your farm.
It is not also advisable to site your farm closer to other pig farms in the same area. Try and separate yourselve and keep as much distance apart as possible. This will save you when there is an outbreak of disease in other farms.
Find out about the nature of their well water. If there is tap in the area, then you are blessed. But if majority have salty well water, I will advice you change the location of the farm. Buying water on a regular basis
for your animals make pig farming unprofitable.
If you have enough cash to dig a borehole, then you can ignore the above advice.
Accessibility to the farm.
The road network to your farm should be accessible to cars and trucks. Since you will be carting their feed, buying water and building materials, you have to ensure that the farm is not sited where the road network is bad.
So in conclusion, you should be thinking about four major issues before you site your farm. They are
- Distance of farm to major source of food for your animals
- Type of water in the area.
- Distance to the community and to nearby pig farms
- Accessibility to the farm