Pig farming business is booming in Ghana presently because of high demand of pork especially as foreigners visits the country in search of new business opportunities. Demand in Accra is so huge that pig farmers cannot meet the growing demand for pork.
Demand for pork in Ashanti region i learnt is also very huge. Farmers can take this opportunity to try the pig business since poultry is less lucrative due to the high frozen chicken that is imported into the country.
What does it take to Start a Pig Farm
Pig farming demands capital and it really depends on what size you want to start with. After three years of growing maize, i decided to start my pig farm this year and the cost estimate of the pig sty is no joke.
The land is already paid for. I want to start with 8 females (gilts) and two (boar) males and this is what the plan of my pig sty looks like
Cost estimate for Building materials and Workmanship
ITEM UNIT PRICE (GH) TOTAL (GH) Two tipper load of stone (Single axle) 200 400 Two Tipper load of sand (Single axle) 100 200 Five hundred 6″ Blocks 1.2 600 50 bags of Cements 13.0 650 3 bundles roofing Sheets 200 600 20 Iron Rods 15 300 20 Woods (2 by 6″) 20 400 8 Wire Gauze (4 by 8ft) 15 120 Workmanship from start to finish 1000 TOTAL 4270
So to build the sty and buy 8 piglet, I am looking at roughly GH4500.00 which is equivalent to about $3000.00. You don’t have to start on this scale if you don’t have the cash to start. You can start with at least one and grow up your pigs because i believe in small beginnings. The biggest challenge is however getting a decent place for the pigs to stay.
Don’t forget that as they increase in weight and size, the pigs are very strong so they can pull down any weak structure. A good source of water is also very important to the siting of your pig farm. If you can dig a well to get them clean drinking water if there is no tap in your farm, do it.
What are you going to feed you Pigs on?
Pigs eat a lot and it will be very advisable to plan how you will feed your pigs. They will make terrible noise if they are hungry so you need a full-time worker dedicated to feed the pigs. Commercial feeding is not economical but it’s very good to feed them on concentrates mixture once in a while. It is best to feed pigs twice a day. You can however prepare your own concentrate made up of maize, wheat bran, palm kennel cake and fish meal.
You need to make contact with the brewery company in your locality and purchase the left over wheat and maize that is used in brewery, that is a cheap source of food for the pigs. If you have a secondary school in your locality, request for their left over food. This must be boiled before given to the pigs.
Cassava can also be boiled mixed with some fish and given to the pigs. To be honest, I think you might have to design a feeding time-table for the pigs.
What am I expecting from my 8 gilt and two boars
I am going to look for cash to see this business through because it is very profitable. I intend to get the females ready for mating after 5 months of rearing them. An average of 8 piglet per female pig (Sow) is expected. At the end of year one, I am expecting 70 pigs. Meaning by June next year, my pigs should be ready for mating and by ending of September, 64 piglets expected.
If I can get 30 to 40 gilt, at least 10 boars would be sold out. By march 2013, all my females would be ready for mating. Lets say each deliver an average of 8 piglets, that is roughly another 400 piglets. Total population as of December 2013 would be 500. I would give them a good finisher and sell all my pigs at least GH400.00. That will be a cool GH200,000.00.
I would see my profit margin when I do a serious cost analysis on the project, but honestly, I know I can make a lot of good cash if I handle the project well and pray swine fever does not attack my herd.
Are you interested in starting a Pig Farm?
Take the very first step to get your land and build your sty, you can make it if you are committed to the project. The money you would make at the end of a year would set you aside from your peers. Just take the first step and start. It will be better if you have a work doing and you rear the pig part-time.
You will need money to feed them, so just put in part of your income to rear your pigs. If you can get some five to 10 acres to grow some maize, cassava, sweet potatoes, it will help. There are some great books about pig rearing you must read, i will recommend the following books
If you still need help, contact me and lets chat on the topic. It is necessary to have an online payment card to purchase these books. Go to any bank, Ecobank or Zenith Bank and apply for an online payment card, its free. You can easily pay for these books to get all the necessary knowledge in your new business. The books would be shipped directly to you. Don’t let the online payment be your barrier in acquiring this knowledge.